EDIT … A warehouse inventory template is a delicate way of tracking assets available at your warehouse which can be use at any time based on requirements. Fit Small Business outlines the process of creating an effective warehouse layout schematic, including this example layout illustration. 14. It is important to have dimensions and cubic volume for every product in each unit of measure you inventory. 4. According to Elenbark [Bill Elenbark, senior engineer for the supply chain consulting firm TranSystems], special processing areas have a tendency to creep in size and spread out over larger areas than are required. What once was an efficient design now could be a storage nightmare. Look at measuring productivity per sector or operation and evaluate time consumption and finally review your WMS performance.” – Albert Goodhue, Warehouse Layout Optimization: Some basics steps, GCL Logistics & Supply Chain Consulting. “To maximize the use of a warehouse you need to ‘maximize your cube.’ You need to take advantage of all of the vertical space that you have available. Understand how goods circulate through your facility. 3. Outline your existing operation. If you have more than 9 aisles then start your number with 01. Inefficiencies can cause stock-outs in prime pick locations, which impairs operations, and costs money. By knowing where products are coming from, where they’re being stored, and how often they’re moving through the facility, we can create a design that uses space wisely. “First, the size of the item will be important because the more space these items take up, the less space you have for other pieces of inventory, whether the same item or otherwise. Are there any parts in the layout that are causing bottlenecks and slow production? ‘With many warehouse and logistics operators now taking full advantage of new technology that often requires bigger and taller buildings, the demand for a flatter floor is significantly higher,’ exemplifies Darryl Eddy, director of Twintec Industrial Flooring. For example, if you noticed a bottleneck in production and packing, the new process map may have the packing zone moved so it can easily meet the demands of production.” – How to Design a Cost-Effective Warehouse: Optimizing Your Warehouse Layout Design, CPV Manufacturing; Twitter: @cpvmfg “Ensuring that your warehouse is safe not only means less accidents and increased costs to you as a business; it also helps your operation to run more smoothly and efficiently. A U-shaped product flow is the most common type of warehouse layout, but that doesn’t mean it’s the best layout for your business. Click on a link below to jump to tips in a specific section: 1. Depending on the situation and needs, the scenario might be different (Ten Hompel et al., 2007).” – Marta Rosinska and Narendra Chillara, Layout design planning of a logistics center: A study on space utilization after merger of two warehouses, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Supply and Operations Management, Chalmers University of Technology; Twitter: @chalmersnyheter 30. Traffic flow is a key consideration in any warehouse layout design. Moving loads involve costs, hence it’s better to minimize the movement, provided the company operational procedure admits it. 39. However, it is important to make differences between the internal and external layout. What to Know Before Creating Your Warehouse Layout … Example two has a streamlined, row-based layout with loading and dropoff areas, office space, and a lounge. Use the Rule of 4 and aim for 88 percent space utilization. Incorporate cross aisles. “Be familiar with your local building codes regarding warehouse product storage. Method #3: Utilize bin cube (bin-by-bin): Measure the dimensions of each bin, and capture the rough percentage of space in each bin which is occupied by product. “In order to design and build a floor for a warehouse, it is necessary to understand the properties of the floor constituent materials. “What this type of shelving system does is double your storage capacity and make it easy and efficient for employees to retrieve inventory. For example, what is the least clearance needed from the top of the pallet load to the sprinkler heads? ... windows, columns, boxes, lines and power lines are all examples of parts of an installation that influence its design. The FAST Approach to Warehouse Layout Design . The office should have a view of the entire warehouse and the processes involved. This will be important for a number of reasons. 25. Whether you’re moving into a new space or updating your current layout, one of the most important pieces of information you can communicate is the overall activity level and storage requirement of your operation: “Heating, cooling, and humidity controls can also have significant bearing on the warehouse design. A large warehouse space can meet storage needs but complicate picking processes. 18. “Make a process map that details how your facility currently runs and where each zone is located. That doesn’t simply refer to the square footage of the warehouse. “Rather than expand the footprint of your warehouse, consider better use of vertical space. For example – Freezer versus Dry Goods, Retail versus Bulk, etc. 45. Objectives can be defined at a high level such as to reduce warehousing costs or to provide maximum customer service. Define your objectives before beginning the planning process. Warehouses must be designed to accommodate the loads of the materials to be stored, the associated handling equipment, the receiving and shipping operations and associated trucking, and the needs of the operating personnel. Before you begin, talk to knowledgeable contractors (like your material handling company), your warehouse manager(s), and even your drivers: They have years of experience in warehouse facility operations and planning, not to mention experience in your specific warehouse. ‘Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete (SFRC) is a composite material and can be used to produce reinforced floors that do not require joints, therefore reducing maintenance of forklift and floor,’ says Eddy.” – Darryl Eddy, as quoted by Middle East Logistics Staff, Top 10 tips for warehouse design, Middle East Logistics; Twitter: @Logistics_ME If your inventory and/or space limitations require the construction of aisles, then make sure you have plenty of space between rows for a forklifts to maneuver without being cramped. To identify the proper size of the storage area evaluate key factors such as project inventory levels, temperature requirements, product dimensions, fulfillment rules, flow through rates and more. 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