Bible Commentary Discipleship Spills Over into All Areas of Life. It was indeed written for our sake, for whoever plows should plow in hope and whoever threshes should thresh in hope of a share in the crop. What is Paul? Servants through whom you came to believe, as the Lord assigned to each. To a church facing many problems, Paul writes of God’s empowering grace and the need to know Christ alone and him crucified. For it is written in the law of Moses, “You shall not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.” Is it for oxen that God is concerned? Participation in these festivals was something a Roman citizen would have associated with loyalty to Rome, a loyalty that the citizens of Corinth took very seriously. Why are Dan and Ephraim Missing in Revelation 7? Paul's main purpose in 1 Corinthians 12 is not to explain what all the various positions or gifts of the Spirit are. I also like how you mentioned that this passage is still very applicable today for new believers because of Paul’s main concerns for the Corinthians. Potentially the church is turning the Lord’s Supper into a Roman-style banquet, something which extremely dangerous from Paul’s perspective (11:17, 27-32). The verses that we have mentioned are the key verses of the entire book of 1 Corinthians. 8:7). Paul was worried that Corinthians had “fallen into the trap of allowing the gospel to be clouded by a zealous attachment to a personality whose rhetorical prowess they favor” (Longenecker, 118). 9:7-10 Who at any time pays the expenses for doing military service? 1–4, 1 Cor. 12:4-11 Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of services, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who activates all of them in everyone. - Revelation 13:16-18. Jesus models the process and intimacy of discipleship … Using the words of Paul, this theme is, "Fleeing from Sin." His second reason was to deal with several questions that had been asked in a letter the Corinthians had sent to him (7:1). First Corinthians is made up of a series of issues arising from a report delivered to Paul from the household of Chloe as well as responses to a letter from the church asking about several questions about faith and practice. In fact through sufferings our hearts … All rights reserved. You were bought with a price; do not become slaves of human masters. Can you attend a same sex wedding? Combining letters around a similar theme is not surprising, but it is also not necessary to understand the overall theme of the whole letter: the need for reconciliation between Paul and the church. Generally speaking, believers do not need to change jobs to please God. A lack of genuine love was clearly an undercurrent in the Corinthian church, creating disorder in worship and misuse of spiritual gifts. There is much for the … Gentile converts were not required to follow the Jewish laws, but the polytheistic lifestyle of their culture proved challenging. There is evidence when the games were celebrated the president of the games hosted a festival for Corinthians who were Roman citizens. First Corinthians 12-14, then, comprises one section focused on a single theme. 1:4-7 I give thanks to my God always for you because of the grace of God that has been given you in Christ Jesus, for in every way you have been enriched in him, in speech and knowledge of every kind — just as the testimony of Christ has been strengthened among you — so that you are not lacking in any spiritual gift as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ. 3. Every resource on our site was made possible through the financial support of people like you. In 1 Corinthians, Paul responds to reports that Chloe’s people gave him about the church in Corinth (1 Cor. In addition, the Isthmian Games were based in Corinth. 1 Cor. There IS this cultural breach that Paul is trying to write to. 4. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! In whatever condition you were called, brothers and sisters, there remain with God. God gives believers the spiritual resources they need to fulfill their calling. 16:1-3 Now concerning the collection for the saints: you should follow the directions I gave to the churches of Galatia. Every believer is gifted by God in concrete ways to be of service to others. It is the classic church argument, In the world but not of it. The one who plants and the one who waters have a common purpose, and each will receive wages according to the labor of each. 1 Corinthians challenges believers to examine every area of their lives through the lens of the Gospel. Although some of our issues are much different than what the Corinthians faced, we can still look to this passage as an example of what freedom in Christ looks like, and how to be other than the world. 1-4), boasting over a sexually immoral man in the church (5:1-12), lawsuits among believers (6:1-11), and sexual immorality (6:12-20). You pose the question “Can a Christian really participate in a meal dedicated to a god and the Empire as a follower of Christ?” I can definitely understand the struggle. Longenecker does talk about how in Corinth, they were still very deeply ingrained in their own culture — so much so that it was difficult for them to get their heads out of a steadfast quest for honor. Even if you can gain your freedom, make use of your present condition now more than ever. Paul established the church at Corinth in Acts 18. Adopted by the Theology of Work Project Board December 16, 2011. What is the Mark of the Beast? Like the troubles reported to Paul, many of these issue are related to living out their new Christian faith in a Roman world. It’s as you say — 1 Corinthians is an address on how to live as people of God, as believers. In response he writes "Corinthains B", the letter we know as 1 Corinthians. To one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the discernment of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. So neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth. Now if anyone builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw — the work of each builder will become visible, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each has done. The ways of society “had permeated the corporate structures of Corinthian Christian communities” (Longenecker, 118). 3:4-9 For when one says, “I belong to Paul,” and another, “I belong to Apollos,” are you not merely human? These difficult issues revolved around Roman cultural and social practices. He has Masters degrees in Biblical Exposition and Old Testament from Talbot School of Theology (BIOLA) and a PhD in New Testament from Andrews University. ( Log Out / 1 Corinthians Summary by Jay Smith. The report seems to have been confirmed by others since Paul takes the problems seriously, dealing with them in chapters 1-6. (5) There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord. 1… Something very real that our society faces today is that sometimes people who claim to be believers don’t necessarily behave in accordance to that, which is a reminder that we are all prone to sin. For no one can lay any foundation other than the one that has been laid; that foundation is Jesus Christ. A reward and Christianity is discussed in chapter fifteen of Acts and other books the... Believe, as the gospel of Jesus Christ is relevant to every dimension of church life after. 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